jeudi 18 novembre 2021

Voting | Noam Chomsky


given that the western democracies have been evacuated of any meaning and the plutocracy is what we have i just wonder do you vote in general elections in in america or would you advise somebody in uk to go and vote next year in general elections

my feeling is that it's it's a decision but it's the kind of decision that's kind of tenth order i think it should be made in five minutes sometimes there's a point in voting like there's a you know it could be there's worse and less worse okay it might make a difference and i occasio i sometimes vote sometimes i voted for republicans because they were better you know not in presidential elections but most of the time you know it's a very small decision uh maybe if you can you just have to compare the alternatives and see if there's unbalance any difference but it doesn't seem to be a fundamental question the real problem is what to do about the fact that we don't live in political democracies that's the real problem so take the united states which i know better and has been studied more intensively in the united states it is literal you can read in academic political science not on the left that about 70 percent of the population lowest 70 percent on the income skill is entirely disenfranchised meaning their opinions have zero impact on policy even their own representatives they're simply ignored one of the reasons why they don't vote they may not read the scientific journals but they know it in their lives as you move up the income scale you can start getting a little more influence as measured by the relation between attitudes and policy okay when you get to the very top which is a fraction of one percent policy is made okay what kind of a system is that i mean does it matter if you pick one or another representative sometimes it does that kind of way out at the margin but the real problem is the nature of the system i don't think england is that much different



Noam Chomsky 


Avram Noam Chomsky[a] (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguistphilosophercognitive scientisthistorian,[b][c] social critic, and political activist. Sometimes called "the father of modern linguistics",[d] Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy and one of the founders of the field of cognitive science. He holds a joint appointment as Institute Professor Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Laureate Professor at the University of Arizona, and is the author of more than 100 books on topics such as linguistics, war, politics, and mass media. Ideologically, he aligns with anarcho-syndicalism and libertarian socialism.
Born to Ashkenazi Jewish immigrants in Philadelphia, Chomsky developed an early interest in anarchism from alternative bookstores in New York City. He studied at the University of Pennsylvania. During his postgraduate work in the Harvard Society of Fellows, Chomsky developed the theory of transformational grammar for which he earned his doctorate in 1955. That year he began teaching at MIT, and in 1957 emerged as a significant figure in linguistics with his landmark work Syntactic Structures, which played a major role in remodeling the study of language. From 1958 to 1959 Chomsky was a National Science Foundation fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study. He created or co-created the universal grammar theory, the generative grammar theory, the Chomsky hierarchy, and the minimalist program. Chomsky also played a pivotal role in the decline of behaviorism, and was particularly critical of the work of B. F. Skinner.
An outspoken opponent of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, which he saw as an act of American imperialism, in 1967 Chomsky rose to national attention for his antiwar essay "The Responsibility of Intellectuals". Associated with the New Left, he was arrested multiple times for his activism and placed on President Richard Nixon's Enemies List. While expanding his work in linguistics over subsequent decades, he also became involved in the linguistics wars. In collaboration with Edward S. Herman, Chomsky later articulated the propaganda model of media criticism in Manufacturing Consent and worked to expose the Indonesian occupation of East Timor. His defense of freedom of speech, including Holocaust denial, generated significant controversy in the Faurisson affair of the 1980s. Since retiring from MIT, he has continued his vocal political activism, including opposing the 2003 invasion of Iraq and supporting the Occupy movement. Chomsky began teaching at the University of Arizona in 2017.
One of the most cited scholars alive,[19] Chomsky has influenced a broad array of academic fields. He is widely recognized as having helped to spark the cognitive revolution in the human sciences, contributing to the development of a new cognitivistic framework for the study of language and the mind. In addition to his continued scholarship, he remains a leading critic of U.S. foreign policyneoliberalism and contemporary state capitalism, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and mainstream news media. His ideas have proven highly influential in the anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist movements, but have also drawn criticism, with some accusing Chomsky of anti-Americanism.

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